How do Painkillers cure Headaches ?

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Different painkillers cure headaches in different ways. There are two key types of painkillers that are most commonly used. The first type of painkillers are Aspirin medicines includes ibuprofen and paracetamol, which blocks the body’s prostaglandins (the chemical that produces swelling and pain), reducing swelling in the area and therefore reducing the intensity of pain. These aspirin medicines are used frequently for mild to moderate headaches as they can only work up to a certain intensity of pain. The second type of painkillers are narcotic medicines includes morphine and codeine, which blocks the path of pain messages in the spinal cord and brain. These narcotic medicines are used for more severe pain. As both types of painkillers use different methods to treat pain, they can be combined, such as in codamol, which blends codeine and paracetamol.

Stop Your Headache Before It Starts

The best way to deal with tension headaches is to keep them from happening in the first place. Try to figure out what sets off your pain, and work to avoid these triggers. Some common ones include:

  • Stress
  • Bad posture
  • Not enough sleep
  • Unhealthy eating habits
  • Smoking

“Stress reduction can reduce tension headache episodes, as can good posture, diet, and exercise,” Green says. “People who sit at a computer all day long don’t move their neck. That can be a trigger.”

If your tension headaches happen more than four times a month, your doctor may suggest that you take medicine to prevent them. These can include:

Antidepressants such as:

  • Amitriptyline (Elavil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), and venlafaxine (Effexor)

Anti-seizure drugs such as:

  • Topiramate (Topamax)
  • Gabapentin (Neurontin)


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